According to Pliny the Elder, there were two kinds of villas: the villa urbana, which was a country seat that could easily be reached from Rome (or another city) for a night or two, and the Villa rustica, the farm-house estate permanently occupied by the servants who generally had charge of the estate. The villa rustica centered on the villa itself, perhaps only seasonally occupied. Under the Empire there was a concentration of Imperial villas near the Bay of Naples, especially on the Isle of Capri, at Monte Circeo on the coast and at Antium (Anzio). Wealthy Romans escaped the summer heat in the hills round Rome, especially around Frascati (cf.Hadrian's Villa). Cicero is said to have possessed no fewer than seven villas, the oldest of which was near Arpinum, which he inherited. Pliny the Younger had three or four, of which the example near Laurentium is the best known from his descriptions.
Jim Irvine was meandering around his father’s farm when he noticed some odd shards which, with the help of some Google Earth searches, led to one of Britain’s most significant Roman mosaic findings in the last century, LiveScience reported ... The 1,700-year-old piece of art composes a wall in a Roman villa complex.
Archaeologists excavating the Roman coastal retreat of Herculaneum have unearthed the remains of a victim from the Vesuvius eruption in AD 79. Although the town was smaller than the city of Pompeii, Herculaneum was a wealthy resort for the Roman elite, reflected in their grand and luxurious villas ...ImageCredit . Archaeological Park of Herculaneum.
The increasing weight of traffic on Roman roads, including ever more heavy modern vehicles, is putting pressure on these underground spaces like never before ... But finding weak spots is only a partial solution; getting Romans out of their cars is the real answer ... "First of its kind" Roman villa unearthed in Scarborough housing development.
Did the owner of the Roman villa know the Iliad, did he even know Greek? Could he have quoted famous lines, and did he understand it? Or was it just a way to demonstrate his wealth and culture to his neighbours? Perhaps it wouldn’t matter if he didn’t understand it, so long as he could afford mosaics that depicted it.
Aerial view of the excavations of a large Roman mosaic in Rutland, England... A Roman villa complex containing a rare mosaic depicting scenes from Homer's Iliad has been unearthed in a farmer's field in England ... The team said a wealthy Roman with a knowledge of classic literature probably lived in the villa between the 3rd and 4th century AD.
The room containing the Roman mosaic was part of a large villa from the late Roman period ... (University of Leicester Archaeological Services ) The Roman Mosaic, the Villa and Its Owner ... The villa complex seems to have belonged to a prosperous individual from the late Roman period, somewhere between the 3rd and 4th centuries AD.
Not everyone discovered a ravishing Roman mosaic while rambling across the family farm, but Jim Irvine did ... remarkable Roman mosaic found in Rutland field ... That mosaic was discovered in a villa near the village of Low Ham, at the other end of the Fosse Way, the Roman road that connected the east Midlands to the West Country ... Journeys in Roman Britain.
Archeologists have unearthed a large Roman mosaic depicting scenes from Homer’s “The Iliad,” the first discovery of its kind in the United Kingdom... The artwork forms the floor of what’s believed to be a large dining or entertaining area and part of a large villa building occupied in the late Roman period, between the third and fourth century A.D.